Solvedserverless chrome Reliability on lambda

First of all, thanks @adieuadieu for your work on this project. It's been really helpful to me!

I'm opening this ticket in hopes that we can have some discussion around the reliability of launching & connecting to chrome on lambda. I'm working with the latest packages from the develop branch, so I realize/acknowledge that there may be bugs.

Really what I'm hoping to figure out is if the problems I'm having are specific to me, or if there are general problems that are known and need work. If we can identify what those problems are, perhaps we, the community, can help!

I can get real specific and share application code & backtraces, but before we get to that, perhaps we can establish if this behavior is common. If I'm the only one experiencing these problems, then this ticket should be handled differently (as a cry for help!).

  1. The first few invocations of my function typically work as expected (hurray!).
  2. If I invoke the function multiple times in a row (quickly), the service begins to fail with ECONNREFUSED. Here's an example from the log:

It is common that after it fails like this, all additional invocations fail the same way until a new container is spun up (with time or by deploying new code). It appears that a chrome process is running, but it may be hung/frozen.

For your reference, my function cleans up after itself like this:

await CDP.Close({id:})
await client.close()

I'm not killing the chrome process, but I am closing the tab and the connection (client). I believe this is the correct thing to do, but feel free to give input, I'd appreciate it!

So, is this happening to anyone else? I did try running some of the examples here in the repo and ran into the same problems. So at first review, it appears at though the problem is not 100% specific to my situation.

52 Answers

โœ”๏ธAccepted Answer

I am using the latest version and got this error, sometimes after spawning new headless Chrome on AWS Lambda, we got this errors:

2018-01-23T04:30:46.009Z	@serverless-chrome/lambda: Spawning headless shell
2018-01-23T04:30:46.021Z	        @serverless-chrome/lambda: ChromeLauncher No debugging port found on port 9222, launching a new Chrome.
2018-01-23T04:30:46.049Z	@serverless-chrome/lambda: Launcher Chrome running with pid 13 on port 9222.
2018-01-23T04:30:46.050Z	@serverless-chrome/lambda: Waiting for Chrome 0
2018-01-23T04:30:46.557Z	@serverless-chrome/lambda: Waiting for Chrome 1
2018-01-23T04:30:46.565Z	@serverless-chrome/lambda: Started Chrome
2018-01-23T04:30:46.566Z	@serverless-chrome/lambda: It took 557ms to spawn chrome.
2018-01-23T04:30:56.750Z	        (node:1) UnhandledPromiseRejectionWarning: Unhandled promise rejection (rejection id: 1): Error: socket hang up
END RequestId: 2d503be3-fff6-11e7-b7aa-23030585cee8

The error was:

Error: socket hang up

Does anyone know how to fix this? We tried to chrome.kill() for each request but it still doesn't resolve the problem

Thanks a lot :)

Other Answers:

I can echo this issue, and will start another discussion on headless-dev tomorrow morning.

This morning I spent some time playing around with Headless Chrome target APIs, hoping that maybe tab management was the issue. Doesn't seem to be the case, as we can see at


Hopefully this or next week I'll have some time to do some profiling on the lambda container (if that's possible?) to further dig in.

Thanks for following up @adieuadieu. I agree that the first step is to establish a pattern that causes it to fail. I've been able to get it to fail pretty consistently calling the function multiple times in a row. I'll do some more tests next week and will report back here.

I'm hoping to use headless chrome on lambda for a production application, so figuring this out is important to me and I'm happy to help however I can!

@quangbuule no I haven't yet directly contacted AWS about it. I feel like before I do, I need to put together a very succinct test case and I just haven't had the time to do that yet.

I'm about ready to throw in the towel on getting Chrome to play nice with the Linux Kernel Freezer Subsystem on Lambda.

I do at least have one thing to show for it: a new headless_shell build based on the latest Chrome Master code. I've tested it against the Alexa Top 500 websites and it works at least as well as previous builds, and might produce better screenshots/crash less since it includes a number of additional font-related dependencies. It also now supports connecting to the remote debugger via fd socket, which I'm not sure was available in the previous build. YMMV.
/cc @adieuadieu

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